surface mining rehabilitation

  • Surface-mine Rehabilitation in the American West

    8/24/2009· The rehabilitation plan for a surface-mined area should be in detail and prepared as part of the mining plan. The area to be disturbed should be identified as to its vegetation-types and potential for rapid and complete restoration. The rehabilitation plan should show, by means of topographic maps or three-dimensional maps prepared before the

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  • Being realistic about coal mine rehabilitation in

    12/23/2020· The widely accepted solution to address surface mining’s environmental dangers is ecological rehabilitation, the process of landscape transformation described by Jaidun.

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  • The legacy of surface mining: Remediation, restoration

    12/1/2016· The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (1977) calls for rehabilitation, reclamation and restoration of the land disturbed by surface mining operations. Although an estimated US$ 7.2 billion has been spent on the recovery of surface coal mining sites in Appalachia,

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  • The legacy of surface mining: Remediation, restoration

    Abstract. Surface mining is a global phenomenon. When dealing with the land disturbances caused by surface mining operations, the terms remediation, reclamation, restoration and rehabilitation (R4) are commonly used interchangeably or otherwise vaguely defined. Expectations associated with these terms may differ significantly from one stakeholder

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  • Sustainable Rehabilitation of Surface Coal Mining Areas

    If surface mine rehabilitation is planned, the scenarios of land uses must aim at outcomes that are climate smart, adaptable, and resilient. Successful rehabilitation is the state in which land is sustainable in the long term and can support agreed post-mining land uses, it can be effectively managed after the mine closure, and residual and latent risks are minimised.

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  • GUIDELINES FOR THE REHABILITATION OF INED AND

    In South Africa, a guideline for the rehabilitation of land disturbed by surface coal mining was first published by the Chamber of Mines in 1981. This provided excellent guidance for coal strip mine rehabilitation, but both legal requirements and rehabilitation objectives and procedures have changed considerably over the last twenty-five years.

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  • Rehabilitation plans and other environmental aspects of

    Removal of surface facilities and site rehabilitation. On completion of mining, surface access to the works by shafts, ad its or declines should be permanently closed off to the public and the site made secure. Details of proposals for capping or back filling should be included. Groundwater will be encountered in many underground workings.

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  • Sustainable Rehabilitation of Surface Coal Mining Areas

    Surface lignite mines of the Balkan Peninsula face growing pressure due to the CO2 emissions reduction initiatives, rapidly increasing renewable-power capacity, and cheap natural gas. In this frame, the development of a modern mine land rehabilitation strategy is considered as a prerequisite for mitigating the social and economic impacts for the local communities.

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  • REHABILITATION OF DEGRADED SITES Unasylva 207

    The bauxite deposits occur at the surface, and mining involves removal of shallow topsoil and overburden (approximately 0.5 to 1 m depth) before excavation of ore to an average depth of 3.5 to 4 m. Rehabilitation activities commenced in 1966 but were of a very rudimentary nature.

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  • Rehabilitation of Open Pit Mines SlideShare

    5/16/2011· Mining Philippines 2010State of the Art of Open Pit Mine Rehabilitation Pit wall geotechnical stability after closure is influenced by (Van Zyl, 2009): 1. Hydrogeological changes 2. Stress relief or relaxation 3. Shear strength changes of pit wall materials bmp Rehabilitation of Open Pit Mines.

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  • Sustainable Rehabilitation of Surface Coal Mining Areas

    If surface mine rehabilitation is planned, the scenarios of land uses must aim at outcomes that are climate smart, adaptable, and resilient. Successful rehabilitation is the state in which land is sustainable in the long term and can support agreed post-mining land uses, it can be effectively managed after the mine closure, and residual and latent risks are minimised.

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  • Complex rehabilitation of surface mining (quarries

    Surface mining is a special way of gaining the raw material from the ground. It is especially used for the brown coal production and so most relevant for the selected regions of this study. Surface mining is a certain method of mining, which allows gaining coal from the surface without digging deep into the ground and building tunnels.

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  • (PDF) Sustainable Rehabilitation of Surface Coal Mining

    If surface mine rehabilitation is planned, the scenarios of land uses must aim at outcomes that are climate smart, adaptable, and resilient. Successful rehabilitation is the state in which land is

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  • Rehabilitation plans and other environmental aspects of

    Removal of surface facilities and site rehabilitation. On completion of mining, surface access to the works by shafts, ad its or declines should be permanently closed off to the public and the site made secure. Details of proposals for capping or back filling should be included. Groundwater will be encountered in many underground workings.

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  • Sustainable Rehabilitation of Surface Coal Mining Areas

    Surface lignite mines of the Balkan Peninsula face growing pressure due to the CO2 emissions reduction initiatives, rapidly increasing renewable-power capacity, and cheap natural gas. In this frame, the development of a modern mine land rehabilitation strategy is considered as a prerequisite for mitigating the social and economic impacts for the local communities.

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  • Land rehabilitation Wikipedia

    Mine rehabilitation. Modern mine rehabilitation aims to minimize and mitigate the environmental effects of modern mining, which may in the case of open pit mining involve movement of significant volumes of rock. Rehabilitation management is an ongoing process, often resulting in

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  • Rehabilitation NSW Resources Regulator

    Rehabilitation is the treatment or management of land or water that has been disturbed by exploration or mining to ensure a safe, stable environment is established. Rehabilitation supports the re-establishment of native ecosystems, groundwater systems, agriculture and a

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  • REHABILITATION OF DEGRADED SITES Unasylva 207

    rehabilitation by the mining industry Where mining takes place, the land is usually cleared of all vegetation, the landscape drastically altered and the ecosystem totally disrupted. If inappropriately managed, mining activities can also have significant off-site impacts, particularly from the discharge of drainage contaminated with sediments, chemicals, metals or altered acidity.

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  • STANDARD GUIDANCE (COP 40) Mine Rehabilitation and Closure

    In broad terms, rehabilitation refers to the measures undertaken to return land on which mining has taken place to the agreed post-closure uses. In some jurisdictions, the legal requirement is for restoration of the pre-mining land use, whereas in others the end uses of the land are open to a process of negotiation, either with

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  • Rehabilitation of Open Pit Mines SlideShare

    5/16/2011· Mining Philippines 2010State of the Art of Open Pit Mine Rehabilitation Pit wall geotechnical stability after closure is influenced by (Van Zyl, 2009): 1. Hydrogeological changes 2. Stress relief or relaxation 3. Shear strength changes of pit wall materials bmp Rehabilitation of Open Pit Mines.

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